What is periodontics?
Periodontology is an extremely important branch of dental medicine, its purpose being the study, detection and treatment of gingival diseases.
Bacteria in the oral cavity often affect the gums and supporting tissues of the teeth, which can even cause tooth loss.
Precisely for this reason, we attach great importance to periodontology, the targeted disease being a very widespread one (approximately 3 out of 4 people facing periodontosis), the symptoms starting easily, and then advancing very quickly towards tooth loss.
Factors favoring the occurrence of the disease
Periodontitis can be based on many factors, which also determines its high frequency among patients.
Among the most common causes of this condition are:
- Problematic hygiene;
- diabetes mellitus;
- Untreated caries;
- The stress.
Gingivitis represents the initial phase of periodontal disease, being mainly caused by incorrect oral hygiene. This is manifested by changing the color, texture and contour of the gum tissue, partially or on the entire circumference of the tooth.
Even if it represents a mild phase, it can be identified by the onset symptoms such as inflamed gums, bad breath or bleeding when brushing. Once they are reported, you must act as quickly as possible to increase the efficiency of the treatment.
Gingivitis can be treated and especially prevented through strict dental hygiene both at home and periodically in the dentist’s office through professional cleanings. This will remove bacterial plaque and tartar.
This is the next phase of periodontal disease that occurs when gingivitis is left untreated. Dental plaque and tartar, left unremoved, have a detrimental effect on the supporting tissues of the teeth because they contain numerous germs.
The symptoms specific to this stage are more advanced and should be of concern, prompting patients who have not acted until they appear to do so as soon as possible.
Here are the main signs that are specific to this stage: reddening of the gums, bleeding at the slightest contact, the appearance of pus in some cases.
In the absence of treatment, the disease evolves and does so extremely quickly.
Advanced periodontitis represents the final phase of periodontal disease, ending up destroying more periodontal bone and ligament.
The symptoms are much more severe, ranging from the removal of the gum from the surface of the tooth, to loose teeth or even their complete loss.
Treatment of periodontal disease
The main goal of treatment is to keep the infection under control. As mentioned previously, treatment varies depending on how advanced the condition is.
Starting with proper oral hygiene, taking into account the possibility of giving up certain harmful habits and ending with complex treatments in the dentist’s office, all aim to prevent and treat this condition. A collaboration between the patient and the dentist will bring the expected results, this collaboration manifesting itself as follows:
Treatment carried out by the patient
It consists in observing some essential stages for the success of the treatment, such as: correcting oral hygiene; acquiring an appropriate brushing technique; the use of auxiliary brushing methods (dental floss, mouthwash, mouthwash); following all the indications given by the dentist for home use.
The treatment performed by the dentist
It differs depending on the progression of the disease, but may include the following procedures:
– antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory treatment;
– supra and subgingival descaling with a frequency that differs depending on the case;
– professional brushing;
– curettage of periodontal pockets;
– flap operations;
– bony addition.
Treatment by the vector method
Vector system therapy is a non-surgical method used in the treatment of gum disease. It works by means of modified ultrasound and calcium hydroxyl apathy.
Among the benefits of this therapy we must mention the following:
- Performing the primary intervention in a single visit;
- The plastic instruments used are much more tolerated by patients;
- It is a much less painful method compared to the traditional ones;
- The method proves extremely effective according to studies carried out on already treated patients;
Timely action in the case of periodontal disease is the most important factor in determining the success of the treatment, stopping the evolution of the disease and saving the teeth. For this reason, even at the slightest concern about the appearance of the disease, it is very useful to contact the dentist.
Perfection in laser dentistry with the Fotona Light Walker
- minimally invasive procedure;
- the laser has a strong bactericidal effect;
- does not require suturing after the intervention;
- reduces postoperative discomfort and inflammation;
provides quick healing;
- laser is a major improvement in periodontal surgery;
- the results are maintained for a long time;
- no bleeding and no pain in the periodontal abscess incision.
Laser therapy is an innovation in the treatment of periodontitis. It manages to treat chronic inflammation of the periodontal tissue due to its bactericidal and detoxifying role.
Față de tratamentul clasic, laserul poate pătrunde în zone greu accesibile ale țesuturilor dintelui, astfel îndepărtând infecția și lăsând o linie uniformă, reducând timpul de vindecare.